More than 68 million people worldwide, according to the WHO (World Health Organization), are leaving their home, in search of salvation or better living conditions. The risk for their lives and their health is particularly great. A large proportion of immigrants and refugees, when leaving their homes, are basically at good general health. However, due to dramatic travelling or living conditions in host countries can be at risk of falling sick.
Challenges in hosting countries.
Dealing with refugees and asylum seekers issues, involves several difficulties. Especially when living in hygienic conditions, which are inadequate. Maintaining the good health of refugees is particularly important both to themselves and to the residents of the host country.
Taking into account the fact that we do not know exactly the number of refugees living in each country, the needs are far bigger, compared to the foreseen ones of each country. The numbers of immigrants and refugees are actually three to four times higher than the estimated ones.
Issues in Greece.
The issues in Greece are significantly severe, as the country receives large migratory flows. With the arrivals of immigrants and refugees steadily growing, providing medical care to all these people is a major challenge. Either due to the lack of access in hospitals, or due to linguistic and religious differences, access to health is a challenge.
The problems, of course, do not only limit on the issues of physical health. Mental health is important too. Post Trauma Stress disorders, depression and isolation are facts that occur at a very high frequency among refugees and migrants.
The European Project SCORE (Erasmus+ KA2), whose aim is to create an innovative framework for the training of professionals (and health professionals too) working with refugees and immigrants, has as its main goal to contribute to addressing these problems.